000 05022na a2200433 4500
001 510
003 Milas
005 20140528153401.0
008 101011b tu 000 0
020 _a0195136748 (alk. paper)
020 _a9780195136746 (alk. paper)
035 _a(OCoLC)ocm60796141
040 _aDLC
043 _an-us---
050 _aE185.61
_b.A69 2006
082 _a323/.0975/09046
084 _a15.85
090 _aE 185.61 .A69 2006
100 _aArsenault, Raymond.
245 _aFreedom riders :
_b1961 and the struggle for racial justice /
_cRaymond Arsenault.
260 _aOxford ;
_aNew York :
_bOxford University Press,
300 _axii, 690 p. :
_bill., maps ;
_c24 cm.
440 _aPivotal moments in American history
504 _aIncludes bibliographical references (p. [653]-679) and index.
505 _aYou don't have to ride Jim Crow -- Beside the weary road -- Hallelujah! I'm a-travelin' -- Alabama bound -- Get on board, little children -- If you miss me from the back of the bus -- Freedom's coming and it won't be long -- Make me a captive, Lord -- Ain't gonna let no jail house turn me 'round -- Woke up this morning with my mind on freedom -- Oh, freedom -- Epilogue : glory bound -- Appendix : roster of freedom riders.
520 _aThey were black and white, young and old, men and women. In the spring and summer of 1961, they put their lives on the line, riding buses through the American South to challenge segregation in interstate transport. Their story is one of the most celebrated episodes of the civil rights movement, yet a full-length history has never been written until now. In these pages, acclaimed historian Raymond Arsenault provides a gripping account of six pivotal months that jolted the consciousness of America. Here is the definitive account of a dramatic and indeed pivotal moment in American history, a critical episode that transformed the civil rights movement in the early 1960s. Raymond Arsenault offers a meticulously researched and grippingly written account of the Freedom Rides, one of the most compelling chapters in the history of civil rights. Arsenault recounts how in 1961, emboldened by federal rulings that declared segregated transit unconstitutional, a group of volunteers--blacks and whites--traveled together from Washington DC through the Deep South, defying Jim Crow laws in buses and terminals, putting their bodies and their lives on the line for racial justice. The book paints a harrowing account of the outpouring of hatred and violence that greeted the Freedom Riders in Alabama and Mississippi. One bus was disabled by Ku Klux Klansmen, then firebombed.
520 _aIn Birmingham and Montgomery, mobs of white supremacists swarmed the bus stations and battered the riders with fists and clubs while local police refused to intervene. The mayhem in Montgomery was captured by news photographers, shocking the nation, and sparking a crisis in the Kennedy administration, which after some hesitation and much public outcry, came to the aid of the Freedom Riders. Arsenault brings the key actors in this historical drama vividly to life, with colorful portraits of the Kennedys, Jim Farmer, John Lewis, Diane Nash, Fred Shuttlesworth, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Their courage, their fears, and the agonizing choices made by all these individuals run through the story like an electric current. The saga of the Freedom Rides is an improbable, almost unbelievable story. In the course of six months, some four hundred and fifty Riders expanded the realm of the possible in American politics, redefining the limits of dissent and setting the stage in the years to come for the 1963 Birmingham demonstrations, Freedom Summer and the Selma-to-Montgomery March. With characters and plot lines rivaling those of the most imaginative fiction, this is a tale of heroic sacrifice and unexpected triumph.
650 _aCivil rights movements
_y20th century.
_zSouthern States
650 _aAfrican Americans
_xCivil rights
_y20th century.
_zSouthern States
650 _aSegregation in transportation
_y20th century.
_zSouthern States
650 _aAfrican Americans
_y20th century.
_zSouthern States
650 _aCivil rights workers
_y20th century.
_zUnited States
650 _aAfrican American civil rights workers
_y20th century.
651 _aSouthern States
_xRace relations
_y20th century.
856 _uhttp://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip0515/2005018108.html
_3Table of contents
906 _a7
925 _aacquire
_eclaim1 2010-02-05
_xpolicy default
955 _alk07 2005-06-27
_aaa08 2005-06-30
_axe13 2010-05-25 2 copies rec'd., to CIP ver.
_clk07 2005-06-27; to subj. 2005-06-27
_dlk29 2005-06-29 to SL
_elk53 2005-06-30 to Dewey
_frf15 2010-06-03 (telework) 2 copies Z-CipVer
999 _c492