000 07285cam a2200409 i 4500
001 19377498
003 OSt
005 20180403160456.0
008 161117s2017 nyua 000 0 eng
010 _a 2016022373
020 _a9780190605766 (hardback)
040 _aDLC
_beng
_cDLC
_erda
_dDLC
042 _apcc
043 _an-us---
050 0 0 _aHJ8119
_b.M35 2017
082 0 0 _a332.1/52
_223
084 _aPOL011000
_aPOL024000
_aPOL011020
_2bisacsh
100 1 _aMcDowell, Daniel,
_eauthor.
245 1 0 _aBrother, can you spare a billion? :
_bthe United States, the IMF, and the international lender of last resort /
_cDaniel McDowell Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs Syracuse University.
264 1 _aNew York :
_bOxford University Press,
_c[2017]
300 _axvii, 224 pages :
_billustrations ;
_c25 cm
336 _atext
_btxt
_2rdacontent
337 _aunmediated
_bn
_2rdamedia
338 _avolume
_bnc
_2rdacarrier
505 8 _aMachine generated contents note: -- Table of Contents -- Table of Figures -- Table of Tables -- Preface -- List of Abbreviations -- CHAPTER 1 - Introduction -- 1. THE PUZZLE -- 2. THE ARGUMENT -- 3. PLAN OF THE BOOK and FINDINGS -- CHAPTER 2 - The ILLR in Theory and Practice -- 1. AN INTERNATIONAL LLR: A BRIEF HISTORY OF A CONCEPT -- 1.1 The ILLR and the Hegemon -- 1.2 The ILLR and the IMF -- 2. THE IMF'S LIMITATIONS AS ILLR -- 2.1. The Problem of Unresponsiveness -- 2.2. The Problem of Resource Insufficiency -- 3. THE UNITED STATES' ILLR MECHANISMS -- 3.1. The Mechanics of Currency Swaps -- 3.2. Speed and Independence -- 3.3. Lending Capacity -- 3.4. Division of Labor -- 4. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 3 - The United States Invents its Own ILLR, 1961-1962 -- 1. MORE DOLLARS, MORE PROBLEMS -- 1.1 From Dollar Gap to Dollar Glut -- 1.2. Two Threats: The "Gold Drain" and Speculation -- 2. IN SEARCH OF AN ILLR -- 2.1. The General Arrangements to Borrow -- 3. AN ALTERNATIVE ILLR: CENTRAL BANK CURRENCY SWAPS -- 3.1. The Fed's Novel Idea -- 3.2. Who Needs the IMF? -- 3.3. How the Swap Lines Protected U.S. Interests -- 3.4. Why did Europe Cooperate? -- 4. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 4 - The Exchange Stabilization Fund and the IMF in the 1980s and 1990s -- 1. THE EXCHANGE STABILIZATION FUND -- 2. 1980s: GLOBAL BANKING AND THE DEBT CRISIS -- 2.1. The IMF's "Concerted Lending" Strategy and the Problem of Unresponsiveness -- 2.2. The ESF and "Bridge Loans": Correcting for the Problem of IMF Unresponsiveness -- 3. 1990s: PORTFOLIO FLOWS AND CAPITAL ACCOUNT CRISES -- 3.1. Capital Account Crises and IMF Resource Insufficiency -- 3.2. The ESF and Supplemental Loans: Correcting for the Problem of IMF Resource Insufficiency -- 4. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 5 - Who's In, Who's Out, and Why? Selecting Whom to Bailout, 1983-1999 -- 1. U.S. FINANCIAL INTERESTS AND ESF BAILOUT SELECTION -- 2. AN EMPIRICAL MODEL OF ESF BAILOUT SELECTION -- 3. RESULTS -- 4. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 6 - U.S. International Bailouts in the 1980s and 1990s -- 1. CASE SELECTION -- 2. THE CASES -- 2.1. Mexico, Brazil and Argentina, 1982-1983 -- 2.2. Argentina, 1984 -- 2.3. Poland, 1989 -- 2.4. Mexico, 1995 -- 2.5. Thailand, 1997 -- 2.6. Indonesia and South Korea, 1997 -- 2.7. Declining Use: The ESF is Put Out to Pasture -- 3. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 7 - The United States as ILLR during the Great Panic of 2008-2009 -- 1. BACKGROUND: "A NOVEL ASPECT" OF THE GREAT PANIC OF 2008 -- 2. U.S. FINANCIAL INTERESTS AND THE FED'S ILLR ACTIONS -- 3. AN EMPIRICAL MODEL OF FED SWAP LINE SELECTION -- 4. THE INTEREST RATE THREAT AND THE FED'S ILLR ACTIONS -- 5. TRANSCRIPT ANALYSIS OF FOMC MEETINGS -- 5.1 The Initiation of the Swap Lines and the TAF, August 2007 - December 2007 -- 5.2 Incremental Expansion of Liquidity Facilities, March 2008 - August 2008 -- 5.3. Rapid Growth of the Swap Program: September 15, 2008 - October 28, 2008 -- 5.4. Swap Lines for Four Emerging Markets: October 29, 2008 -- 6. CONCLUSIONS -- CHAPTER 8 - Conclusions -- 1. CONTRIBUTIONS -- 2. THE FUTURE OF THE UNITED STATES AS ILLR -- 3. POLICY IMPLICATIONS -- 4. FINAL THOUGHTS -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- APPENDIX.
520 _a" When financial crises occur, economic theory maintains that national economies need a lender of last resort to stabilize markets. In today's financial system, crises are rarely confined to one country-they often go global. Yet, there is no formal international lender of last resort (ILLR) to perform this function for the world economy. Conventional wisdom says that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has emerged as the de facto ILLR. However, that premise is incomplete. Brother, Can You Spare a Billion? explores how the United States has for decades regularly complemented the Fund's ILLR role by selectively providing billions of dollars in emergency loans to foreign economies in crisis. Why would U.S. policymakers ever put national financial resources at risk to "bail out" foreign governments and citizens to whom they are not beholden-especially when the IMF was created for this purpose? Daniel McDowell argues the United States has been compelled to provide such rescues unilaterally when it believes a multilateral response via the IMF is either too slow or too small to protect vital U.S. economic and financial interests. Interestingly, it does this despite the many advantages to allowing the IMF to take the lead. The United States never wanted to go into the international lending business, but in response to the IMF's chronic weaknesses, it intervenes to manage international economic crises before they can affect America's domestic economy. Through a combination of historical case studies and statistical analysis, McDowell uncovers the defensive motives behind U.S. decisions to provide global liquidity beginning in the 1960s, moving through international debt crises of the 1980s and emerging market currency crises of the 1990s, and extending up to the 2008 global financial crisis. Brother, Can You Spare a Billion? goes beyond conventional wisdom to paint a complete picture of how international financial crises have been managed and highlights the unique role that the United States has played in stabilizing the world economy in troubled times. "--
_cProvided by publisher.
520 _a"This book explores how and why the U.S. has regularly acted, often alongside the IMF, as an international lender of last resort by selectively bailing out foreign economies in crisis. It highlights the unique role that the U.S. has played in stabilizing the world economy from the 1960s through 2008"--
_cProvided by publisher.
610 2 0 _aInternational Monetary Fund
_zUnited States.
650 0 _aLoans, Foreign
_zUnited States.
650 7 _aPOLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General.
_2bisacsh
650 7 _aPOLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / Economic Policy.
_2bisacsh
650 7 _aPOLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / Trade & Tariffs.
_2bisacsh
776 0 8 _iOnline version:
_aMcDowell, Daniel, author.
_tBrother, can you spare a billion?
_dNew York : Oxford University Press, 2016
_z9780190605773
_w(DLC) 2016055948
906 _a7
_bcbc
_corignew
_d1
_eecip
_f20
_gy-gencatlg
942 _2ddc
_cBK
955 _brm13 2016-11-17
_crm13 2016-11-17 ONIX
_axn05 2017-02-03 1 copy rec'd., to CIP ver.
999 _c7412
_d7412